The tree does have some drought tolerance and will sometimes naturally occur in dry areas. It is sometimes included in the subfamily Nyssoideae of the dogwood family, Cornaceae, but is placed by other authorities in the family Nyssaceae. Nyssa Sylvatica is a deciduous Tree growing to 15 m (49ft) by 12 m (39ft) at a medium rate. The dark gray bark is smooth when immature, becoming cracked as the tree ages. Soil: The Black Tupelo (Black Gum) grows in acidic, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, silty loam, well drained soils. The alternately arranged, dark green, glossy leaves of black gum are 3-inches long.Barbara H. Smith, ©2018 HGIC, Clemson Extension. Nyssa sylvatica, Black Tupelo, notice brances growing out at 90 degrees then sloping down (Photo by: Ahodges7 / Wikimedia Commons) Black Tupelo could be a difficult tree to identify. Nyssa is a genus of North American deciduous leaves. In summer the leaves transition to a deeper green with the slightly glossy oblong leaves showing hints of red. Drupe, black-blue, ovoid, about 10 mm (0.4 in) at a long stalk. ‘Autumn Cascades’ – A semi-weeping, female form with yellow-orange-red fall color. The leaf shape is oval, elliptical or obovate. Black tupelo is a hardwood tree which grows to 75 feet tall, has a medium growth rate, pyramidal shape with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. ‘Zydeco Twist’ – A selection with strongly twisting and contorted stems. The names used for this tree are black gum, sourgum, yellow gum, black tupelo, cotton gum, tupelo-gum, pepperidge, swamp tupelo, swamp black gum, sour gum or tupelo. Black tupelo tree (Nyssa sylvatica) leaves in summer - Virginia USA. No need to register, buy now! It is often one of the first trees to bud in the spring as well as the first to have its leaves turn in the fall. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. The magnificent fall color is enhanced by siting trees in locations with more direct sunlight. Black gum can be planted as a single specimen/ shade tree or used in groups along naturalized areas. The fruit is round, dark blue, and clustered on stalks up to 1 1/2" long. Young trees tend to be somewhat pyramidal in shape and eventually may form a conical or oval-shaped crown as they mature. As the tree grows to 10 and 15-years-old, crown form becomes more uniform among trees. Black gum (Nyssa sylvatica) is one of the most dependable native trees for great fall color.Barbara H. Smith, ©2018 HGIC, Clemson Extension. Foliage color becomes brilliant shades of gold, amber, and scarlet in autumn. Home » Trees » Nyssaceae » Nyssa sylvatica » Sour Gum, Tupelo, Black Gum. The flowers give way to ½-inch long, blue-black fruit that is a favorite of many birds. It is also called wildfire black tupelo tree because of this phenomenon. The branches are moderately thick, red-brown to gray. It is in leaf from May to October, in flower in June, and the seeds ripen in October. The genus Nyssa refers to the mythological Greek water nymph and denotes its tendency to grow in or near wet areas. COVID-19 Extension Updates and Resources ... More Information », Factsheet | HGIC 1036 | Published: Oct 22, 2018 | Print | Download (PDF). It's called transplant shock. The black gum tree is a shade tree native to North America and hardy to United States Department of Agriculture Plant Hardiness Zones 4b through 9. Dense/ tight habit when young. In addition to its sweet foliage, the tree is pretty sweet with bees, serving as a site for honey. Winged Sumac Black Tupelo Nyssa sylvatica One of the most attractive native trees around. Shape: This Black Tupelo (Black Gum) has oval, rounded shape. The leaves of Black tupelo can vary in size and shape. It can live for over 650 years. Trunk diameter is typically 1 to 2 feet, but can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens. The leaves of Black tupelo can vary in size and shape. Tupelo / ˈ t uː p ɪ l oʊ /, genus Nyssa / ˈ n ɪ s ə /, is a small genus of deciduous trees with alternate, simple leaves. Backlit Spanish moss on tupelo tree. Small, greenish-white flowers appear in April – May during leaf set, and while not showy, serve as an important source of nectar for pollinators. Summer leaves are a dark green with a high-gloss appearance, but the most spectacular part of this tree is the fall foliage with many shades of yellow, orange, bright red, purple or … The flower is pale green to whitish, in bunches on a long petiole and sprout with the leaf shoots. 30 to 50 feet tall and 20 to 30 feet wide. Tupelo can be grown on any good soil and neutral pH. Persimmon : Green Ash . Black Tupelo leaves in autumn Black Tupelo, Nyssa, is a deciduous tree that grows to 50 feet tall or more. ‘Sheri’s Cloud’ – This selection has a variegated leaf that consists of a cream-margined, gray-green-centered leaf. High resistance to leaf spot. single tree or planting in groups and forest tree (America), back to trees by common name | trees by botanical name | conifers by common name | conifers by botanical name | German: baumportal.de, © Jost Benning  | Imprint | jowaca digital solutions. It tolerates many soil types and moisture conditions, but is slow growing, reaching about 12 to 15 feet in about ten years, growing faster with a good watering and … Very attractive in spring and with new growth. Foliage is not as susceptible to leaf spot. Also known as the sour gum or tupelo, the tree is slow-growing, eventually reaching a height of 80 feet. Best established while young to … Tree ID: 97. Join our mailing list to receive the latest updates from HGIC. As the tree matures it takes on more of an irregular habit. They are included here simply because they are the official assigned cultivar names. But the shape of the crown varies from tree to tree and, unfortu-nately, this is looked upon by some architects as undesir-able. Sometimes commonly called black tupelo. 40 to 50 feet tall and 30 to 40 feet wide. The bark is often said to resemble alligator skin. Tupelo Foliage and almost mature fruit Conservation status Least Concern Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Asterids Order: Cornales Family: Nyssaceae Genus: Nyssa Species: N. sylvatica Binomial name Nyssa sylvatica Marshall Natural range Nyssa sylvatica, commonly known as tupelo, black tupelo, black gum or sour gum, is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from the coastal Northeastern United Sta… For these plants, the trademark name is the recognized name for consumers to use in searching for and buying the plants. Fully hardy in Britain, it can be grown in a pot and tolerates atmospheric pollution. 30 to 40 feet high and wide. The leaf upsite is green and glossy. The roots have to grow into the new area. A few new cultivars have been released and provide some resistance to leaf spot problems. They need to be trimmed and pruned when their branches hang low, and someone has to clean up after they have shed their flowers, leaves, and other baubles. Black gum tolerates poor drainage and intermittent drought, and isn't fussy about soils. In the home landscape, fruit drop may be undesirable on paved areas, patios/porches, and pathways. 30 to 40 feet tall and wide. The process of transplanting always causes loss and damage to the roots. Foliage is a shiny green color and is less susceptible to leaf spot. In the landscape, these trees often reach a mature height of 30 to 50 feet and a spread of 20 to 30 feet. White Chapel® (‘Cherry Pie’) PP#27588 – This new cultivar has a strongly pyramidal shape to 50 feet tall and 25 feet wide. Sweet Gum ; Tulip Tree . Osage Orange : Black Cherry . The Black Tupelo has gained attention for its attractive display of fall foliage. The leaves, however, are deep glossy green and show good fall color. » The leaves are so thin that light passes through them, making them glow red. Power Line Approved: No. If this document didn’t answer your questions, please contact HGIC at hgic@clemson.edu or 1-888-656-9988. This species is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's The alternately arranged, 3-inch long, dark green, glossy leaves and attractive fall color are perhaps the most distinctive features. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Its simple leaves turn flaming red in the fall and the bold crooked twiggy branches make a picturesque outline against the sky in winter. Note: All cultivated varieties of plants have cultivar names (listed in single quotes) by which they are known and sold. Because of this, multiple trees may be needed for fruit set. In the … ‘Wildfire’ – Bronze-red to reddish purple new shoots. USA, Louisiana, Atchafalaya National Heritage Area. The leaves flutter easily in the slightest of breezes and form a rounded canopy. Leaves: Dark green glossy leaves in summer. Its ability to grow in wet soils make it an excellent selection for low areas in the landscape. In the APG IV system, it is placed in Nyssaceae.. Copyright © 2020 Clemson UniversityClemson Cooperative Extension | 103 Barre Hall Clemson, SC 29634864-986-4310 | Contact UsHGIC@clemson.edu, Insect and Disease Management for Home-Grown Fruits and Nuts, College of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Sciences, Centipedegrass Yearly Maintenance Program. Black gum has attractive, deeply ridged bark.Barbara H. Smith, ©2018 HGIC, Clemson Extension. Use pesticides only according to the directions on the label. However, a few cultivated plants have both a cultivar name and a trademark name (followed by ® or ™). Fruit is bluish-black and is loved by many birds. Some new cultivars are also known to have accelerated growth rates (see Nyssa sylvatica Forum™ (‘NXSXF’) below). This information is supplied with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement of brand names or registered trademarks by the Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service is implied, nor is any discrimination intended by the exclusion of products or manufacturers not named. Genus and species: Nyssa sylvatica . All recommendations for pesticide use are for South Carolina only and were legal at the time of publication, but the status of registration and use patterns are subject to change by action of state and federal regulatory agencies. Often three fruits are on a stalk. Follow all directions, precautions and restrictions that are listed. For trademarked plants, the cultivar name will be either a few letters & numbers or a nonsensical name in single quotes that is completely unimportant for the consumer or landscaper. The leaves are elliptical ovals and green during the growing season. The leaves are not discriminately shaped like maple or oak, they are single lobed. Comments: Black Tupelo is showiest during the autumn when its leaves assume brilliant colors and some of its fruit is still hanging on the tree. Leaves are 3-6 inches in length and elliptical in shape. Attractive blue to black fruit. Min. With distinctive stout and many-branched trunks, black tupelo is easily recognized in wet forests. » The black tupelo tree is the longest living non-clonal flowering plant in Eastern North America. In addition to its impressive fall color, black gum also has attractive bark that is deeply ridged. So if you’re planting trees for bees, add this to your list. Environmental Conditions When planted in groups, the vibrant red fall colors with hues of purple, orange, and yellow create a stunning image for spectators. The fall display includes foliage in shades of orange, red, purple, and yellow. The common name of this wetland tree, tupelo, comes from the Creek Indian word for swamp. The leaves of the black gum tree are an elongated oval shape that offer a brilliant fall show. The dark blue fruit of N. sylvatica has significant wildlife value and is sought out by various song birds, turkey, and deer. Forum™ (‘NXSXF’) – A fast growing cultivar with a central leader and conical shape. Obovate to elliptic, entire to slightly toothed leaves (to 5" long) are dark green above and paler below. Dark green leaves give way to yellow-orange-red fall color. All recommendations are for South Carolina conditions and may not apply to other areas. A variety of Black Tupelo, Nyssa sylvatica biflora (Swamp Tupelo), is very similar to the typical variety that is described here. It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. Here are a few things to note if you’re considering adding one to your yard. This tree is also sometimes called "black tupelo." street tree planting width: 6 feet. The leaf shape is oval, elliptical or obovate. Black gum (Nyssa sylvatica), or black tupelo, is a medium to large growing deciduous tree native to USDA zones 4 to 9. Family: Nyssaceae. Spectacular scarlet fall color. 40 to 50 feet tall and 20 to 25 feet wide.Green Gable™ (‘NSUHH’) PP#22951 – Lustrous dark green leaves and red fall color. Typical problems include cankers, leaf spots, rust, tupelo leaf miner, black twig borer, and scale can sometimes be issues. Tupelo Tower™ (‘WFH1’) PP#22976 – Tree form is columnar reaching 30 to 40 feet tall and 10 to 15 feet wide. itsgardeningtime.com We have a very tall tree that we admire every Autumn! Throughout its native range, black gum is typically found along streams, swamp margins, and on upland sights. The flowers of black gum are light green in color and form into pendulous clusters in the spring. Plant breeders do this so that if someone propagates the plant without permission, they will have to call it by the cultivar name, which no one will recognize. For more info on how to test soil, see HGIC 1652 Soil Testing. The leaf is 5-12 cm (2 – 4.7 in) long. Tupelo wood is highly cross-grained, making it difficult to work. It is usually included in the subfamily Nyssoideae of the dogwood family, Cornaceae, but is placed by some authorities in the family Nyssaceae. Young trees tend to be somewhat pyramidal in shape and eventually may form a conical oval-shaped! Cultivated plants have both a cultivar name and a trademark name is the recognized for! Cornaceae ( Nyssaceae ), North East USA, North America tree growing to 15 m ( )! Wildfire black tupelo. ® or ™ ) pyramidal form, dark blue fruit of N. sylvatica has significant value. Your list upon by some architects as undesir-able and green during the growing season 1. 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