More than 100 young volcanoes – that have had activity within about 10,000 years – dot the landscape of the East African Rift – an area that runs for more than 3000 kilometres from Djibouti and Eritrea, down through Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda and Rwanda to the Democratic Republic of Congo and Tanzania.. Terms of Use The rainforest and bamboo-covered slopes of Volcanoes National Park are home to almost half of the approximately 700 mountain gorillas remaining in the world and […] A shield volcano is a type of volcano usually composed almost entirely of fluid lava flows. An eruption in 2005 created a fissure in the earth with a length of 60km. Volcanoes National Park is the home of gorilla trekking. Ethiopia is the largest and most populated country in the Horn of Africa. The Afar Triangle is one of a few places places on earth where amid-ocean ridge can be studied on land. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Last eruption. With respect to all of the other plates on the continent, including the main African plate, the Victoria microplate is turning in the opposite direction. Mountain type. Scientists say they are unsure about the fate of the two land masses and whether or not a new ocean will form, but note that it will take tens of millions of years to find out. 48,997, © 2020 NYP Holdings, Inc. All Rights Reserved The East African rift, one of the world's most dramatic extensional structures, has produced the continent's highest and lowest volcanoes, ranging from the massive Kilimanjaro to vents in Ethiopia's Danakil Depression that lie below sea level. The lake is contained in the main (southern) pit crater inside the summit caldera of the vast shield volcano, located in one of the most remote places of the Danakil depression in the Afar triangle. It is an active volcano in the Afar region in Ethiopia and is part of the Rift Valley volcanic system. The country lies completely within the tropical latitudes and is relatively compact, with similar north-south and east-west dimensions. There are signs that the volcano's famous lava lake is increasing again. Several thousand people were displaced by the disaster, and over 31 casualties were reported. About 25% of Africa’s volcanoes had eruptions in the last 100 years; therefore it’s very likely that we will encounter new eruptions in the next few … This anomaly, according to scientists, may accelerate the rift’s separation. Most African volcanoes result from hotspots, the rifting in East Africa, or a combination of the two. The Dabbahu Volcano is also known as Boina, Boyna, or Moina locally. It was here that the late Dian Fossey studied mountain gorillas and where the movie Gorillas in the Mist was filmed. Ethiopia is … The active Erta Ale volcano in the northern Afar region of Ethiopia. Erta Ale, in northwestern Ethiopia, is one of the most active volcanoes on Earth. Flights to East Africa are severely disrupted as ash from an Eritrean volcano spreads across the region and heads towards Saudi Arabia. Do Not Sell My Personal Information, Your California Privacy Rights One Ethiopian volcano in particular, the Erta Ale, has existed in a perpetual state of eruption for more than 50 years. Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Nestled between each side of the rift, the Victoria microplate, the largest of its kind on Earth, has been rotating counter-clockwise for the last two years. Thanks for contacting us. Ethiopia, country on the Horn of Africa. 72,699, This story has been shared 48,997 times. The volcano is located along the Somali Plate.Researchers predict that the land along this region, known as the East African Rift, will eventually break away, creating a new island consisting of eastern Ethiopia and Djibouti with a new sea in between. This story has been shared 217,649 times. Named for its low profile, resembling a warrior 's shield lying the! 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