The letter, dated October 14, 1895, three years before Conn’s first Sousaphone was produced, makes this mention of the instrument: “The Sousaphone has become the talk of the town and gains in reputation daily. Who invented the sousaphone? 300. Add your answer and earn points. This bell was permanently attached to the rest The Sousaphone would then sit in storage for 18 years before Bailey found time to polish it. And while we are on the topic, what is the origin of the word 'button'? Yet another update: A few days ago I found another very early reference to the Pepper Sousaphone – this time in the July 1896 edition of The Dominant, an obscure music journal published in Philadelphia at that time. (est. Pepper’s YouTube channel. As the name suggests, Sousa himself conceived the instrument, but the identity of the original manufacturer of the Sousaphone was disputed between C.G. Through their hard work the original Sousaphone was returned to perfect playing order. Mr. Detwiler approached Pepper with the idea of playing the original Sousaphone in concert for what would likely be the first time in over a century and J.W. Hoss and even Pa spend time practicing with a Sousaphone, an instrument which was not invented until 1898. The sousaphone was developed by J.W. Dave Detwiler playing the original Sousaphone. THE ORIGINAL SOUSAPHONE For many years there were claims and counter claims about who invented the Sousaphone. popular for school marching bands due to their lower cost and lighter The sousaphone was invented in 1893 and also known as marching tuba. Nice milestones for someone who never planned to play after high school graduation. Contrary to popular belief, the Sousaphone was not invented by John Philip Sousa himself, but by J. W. Pepper - a Philadelphia instrument maker (who created the instrument in 1893 at Mr. Sousa's request and using several of his suggestions in its design. The photographs of the Sousaphone are in the windows of one of the principal music stores in Olive Street (St. Louis), which is the street of this city, and are a great attraction.”. It’s great to know you are still going strong as a player at 75 – I would love to do the same! It was created in Russia in 1845 to be used in millitary bands.It was the first widespread iteration of the tuba. 400. This led me to a wonderful conversation with John Beery, who invited me to examine and even play that great old horn in the Greenleaf collection. He built one and, grateful to me for the suggestion, called it the Sousaphone.”. That is, until now. in 1908 and remain the standard to this day. It wraps around the marcher’s body, so it can be carried more easily. The Sousaphone is a splendid instrument. The school had a band, a Sousaphone, and no one to play it so I rehearsed with the band before classes began, The band director gave me the phone number of the Palos Verdes Symphonic Band and I was soon playing with this community band. The very first Conn Sousaphone looked quite different, and was introduced to the world in January of 1898. Saxhorn Family of valved brass instruments that have conical bores and deep cup-shaped mouthpieces. some day every household would have one - just like a piano! and serious sousaphone players. Pepper. Pepper. Pepper & Son, Inc., who quickly jumped at the chance to purchase the instrument, finally bringing it home after almost a hundred years missing. Here’s the link: http://tubapastor.blogspot.com/2017/12/no-question-pepper-built-first.html. He then contacted J.W. Field hollers and work songs. September 12, 1835 was the date that Moritz filed the patent application for this instrument. Recognizing the possible historical significance of the instrument, he purchased it for $50 with the intention of refurbishing it. John Philip Sousa. I am 75 years old, I have played tuba for 60 years and have owned my horn for 50 years. brass bands. Marches are often played by military bands. During his youth, Adolphe studied the clarinet and flute at Brussels Conservatory. a warmer tone (more like that of the concert tuba) and allow the Martin Luther posted this on the door of the Catholic church. Developed in 1845 by Ignaz Stowasser of Vienna, it has a spiral circular form that allows the helicon’s bell (the flared end of the instrument) to rest on the player’s left shoulder and, thus, makes the instrument relatively easy to carry in marching or horseback military bands, for which it was designed. so, basically it is a type of tuba but due to the minor differences, it produces a deep sound in comparison to standard tuba. Back in the summer of 2012, I was visiting Interlochen with my family (I am an NMC alum, 1979, and was on staff at NMC, 1981, and IAA, 1984-86). He also invented the saxotromba, saxhorn and saxtuba. John Philip Sousa House. Conn with its construction, because of the first sousaphone he built later in 1898. can be rather heavy for marchers. The founding company, J. W. Pepper and Son Then Whiteman came along one evening (dressed in a lime green zoot suit and carrying a pink sousaphone) and announced "I have invented Jass! Fantastic article and exciting to know the original is back in service! Later on, the sousaphone would be made in its image, grafting a bell on so that it would face towards the front of the user. How wonderful! The earliest, a quote from Conrad, was found by Don Johnson, the foremost collector of J.W. Robert Johnson. on the bell. You can watch clips of the concert, parts of the repair process, and the full interview with Dave Detwiler at the top of this blog post or on J.W. A 'march' is music for marching and features a strong beat. he helped to invent. Life has many surprises. I saw grapes and vine leaves in the video. The sousaphone is a type of tuba that is widely employed in marching bands. Today, toward the end of the formation, drum major and the "i"-dotter high-five each other. highly enthusiastic about the sousaphone, once predicting that instrument to better project its sound over the rest of the concert The John Philip Sousa House, also known historically as Wildbank, is a historic house at 12 Hicks Lane, overlooking Manhasset Bay, in Sands Point, New York. As you listen to Sousa's compositions, … His father, Charles, was a maker of musical instruments. The Helicon was popular across Europe and the United States. And all of the facts above (along with other historical details) are fully documented in my article published in the Spring 2015 edition of the ITEA Journal – of which I sent a copy to John a few months back. In 1973, Bailey had recently graduated from West Chester State College and was traveling with his mother and sister to a local flea market in Adamstown, PA. At the market, he noticed an old three-valve “rain catcher” Sousaphone. The first sousaphone was built by James Welsh Pepper in 1893 at the request of John Philip Sousa, who was dissatisfied with the hélicons in use by the United States Marine Band. On the field, in the stands, or on the street, the Sousaphone is one of the most recognizable instruments in the world. Aerophone, Brass instrument, Cylindrical bore; Brass instrument invented by composer and conductor John Philip Sousa, and the instrument maker J. W. Pepper (Philadelphia). Where might you have heard Princess Anne on sousaphone and John Wayne on xylophone, and what was Eric Clapton playing? 11 The Sousaphone. Some sources credit C.G. I began playing Tuba in 1956 as a high school sophomore in De Smet, South Dakota. As such, it is similar to the tuba in how it is played. Hi Heidi – thanks so much for weighing in on the original Sousaphone! The conventional wisdom has held that the instrument was invented by the C. G. Conn company. Antoine-Joseph " Adolphe " Sax (French: [ɑ̃twan ʒɔzɛf adɔlf saks]; 6 November 1814 – 7 February 1894) was a Belgian inventor and musician who created the saxophone in the early 1840s, patenting it in 1846. The sousaphone can be made out of either Brass or Fiberglass. I am still playing that Tuba in the New Horizons Band of Colorado Springs, CO. Named after an ancient instrument? In the 1960's, the first The Sousaphone, developed at the request of John Philip Sousa (from whom it takes its name) was created by J.W. I am very familiar with the horn you mention, as it sparked my interest in the early history of the Sousaphone. The popularity of the trumpet (cornet), clarinet, and trombone in jazz was due mostly to the influence of. I’m a former Euph player in the Commandant’s Own, US Marine Drum and Bugle Corps and I have a passion for anything Sousa. John Philip Sousa. That is, until now. Glen then became the first sousaphone player to dot the "i" on October 23, 1937. fiberglass sousaphones went into production and quickly became However, J. W. Peter made it in 1893, The curator of the collection, John Beery, can attest to its documentation and authenticity. The German military bandmaster Wilhelm Wieprecht and the musical instrument inventor Johann Moritz were the basstuba's creators. Serious electronics connoisseurs might have a dozen remotes scattered on their coffee tables for their entertainment system; even your friends who are less fond of electronics likely have a handful of remotes at their disposal, controlling everything from TVs and air conditioners to car door locks. He proceeded to blow 37 bars of what we now recognize as "Kind of Blue", although Whiteman at that time titled it "Kind of Vaguely Chartreuse, But Not Exactly". by the C. G. Conn company in the late 1890's to the original sousaphone Who invented buttons, or better yet, when were they invented? © 2007-Present Sousaphone.net | Contact us | Site On the horn of the instrument, a series of engravings told the story of a pioneering instrument made especially for Sousa. Pepper. What is the term for multiple voices singing different parts at the same time? was the helicon - similar in shape, but with a smaller bore and The helicon was invented around 1845 (nine years before John was born), and was for all practical purposes, a sousaphone, albeit with smaller bore (tubing diameter) and bell (the flared opening where the music comes out). That part of the story skips over 70 years from when the original Sousaphone mysteriously disappeared, to its miraculous discovery in 1973 by a man named John Bailey. It is a result of searching for an instrument that produces the deep sound of a tuba. In 1966 the horn’s owner moved and took the horn with him. Conn and J.W. The tuba I purchased was made in Gastrolitz, Bohemia for the Carl Fuches Music Company of Los Angeles sometime in the 1880s. The original Sousaphone as it looked at the time of its rediscovery. Where the Sousaphone was created In J. W. Pepper's 1897 catalogue we are provided with a brief sketch of the company's early history in the city of Philadelphia. As a flutist and OLD Army Bandsman, I was mesmerized by this presentation. Simultaneously, a big helicon developed in Manchester by Higham would be presented at the exhibition in Chicago. Sousa felt that a wider, This bass instrument was the forerunner of the Sousaphone, which is the self-same instrument with a directional bell grafted on. Brendan started at Pepper in 2012 and currently works in the Marketing department as a copywriter. Good eye Dave! The Helicon is one of the first instruments to have a distinct tuba shape. A wealth of newly gathered evidence has proven that the first Sousaphone was manufactured by none other than J.W. invented the sousaphone in the late 1800s, and toured with his own band for forty years. I never intended to play it again but when I went to college in California the band director asked me to play tuba because no one had signed up to play the horn. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. In Mr. Detwiler’s able hands, the original Sousaphone joined the Montgomery County Community Band in concert on May 3, 2015. As said earlier, the Sousaphone is the descendent of the Helicon. Conn and J.W. He also invented a brass instrument called the sousaphone. Alternatively, it may be a comment about someone’s alcohol consumption! But the framed information sheet that declared it to be “The Original Sousaphone” raised some questions in my mind, so when we returned home to PA, I began to research the early history of the Sousaphone – just for fun. Learn how your comment data is processed. Polyphony. Pepper's first sousaphone still exists - it is covered in elaborate This latter fact is fully documented, both through Pepper publications from both 1895 and 1896, as well as the testimony of John Philip Sousa in the August 30, 1922 edition of the Christian Science Monitor. Wikimedia/Svíčková/CC BY-SA 3.0 . Sold his soul to the devil. I wish I knew more of the history of that horn but lacked the curiosity in 1965. Pepper of Philadelphia, in 1893. The helicon, thought to have been invented in Russia circa 1845, was designed to be a marching horn, carried on the shoulder. A wealth of newly gathered evidence has proven that the first Sousaphone was manufactured by none other than J.W. Tuba, deep-pitched brass wind instrument with valves and wide conical bore. When was AOL Instant Messenger (AIM) invented, and who invented it? I remembered that they had what was claimed to be the original Sousaphone on display in the Giddings Concourse, so I went to see if it was still there (I am a long-time tuba player, which explains my interest). I went to k-5th grade at Meadow Park Elementary School, and my first band teacher was a Mr. Marcus. The Inside Voice: An Interview with James Jordan, http://tubapastor.blogspot.com/2015/10/a-truly-historic-photograph-1896.html, http://tubapastor.blogspot.com/2016/03/finally-check-out-this-1896-article.html, http://tubapastor.blogspot.com/2017/12/no-question-pepper-built-first.html, Using Small Instruments, Body Percussion, and Other Resources to Teach Rhythm, Staying Germ-Free: New Poster Shows How to Clean Your Instruments, The Influence of Jazz: Resources for Your Students. 300. Contrary to popular belief, the Sousaphone was not invented by John It also includes a snapshot of the booming business that Pepper was doing toward the end of the 19th century. Invented the Sousaphone. Great read! The design was adapted from the tuba and the helicon. 95 Theses. band while still being easy to hold and play like the helicon. It now resides in the Greenleaf collection at the Interlochen Center for the Arts. Originally a concert instrument, the traditional sheet brass sousaphone Since then, a sousaphone player has dotted the "i" over 800 times. Then with 16 measures … It was invented circa 1820. In marching bands, a specially designed tuba called a sousaphone is used. the player's left. I think I can shed light on one small mystery — the decorations of flowers and fruit (and goat) may refer to the Cornucopia of Ancient Greek myth. Pepper wholeheartedly agreed. Indeed, Conn instruments were in use by the Sousa band by 1898. Many believed that C. G. Conn made the Sousaphone in 1898. a much smaller bell, which was pointed upwards and slightly to Tuba is a Latin word meaning trumpet or horn. The Tuba was invented by Willhelm Friedrich Wieprecht and Johann Gottfried Moritz in September 12, 1835. What kind of home did John Philip Sousa live in? He is also an author, using his talents at Pepper to bring the knowledge of our experienced staff to our customers. the bell has also gotten wider over the years - growing from a Featured in the August 30, 1922 edition of the Christian Science Monitor is an article where Sousa discusses the creation of the instrument, saying, “The Sousaphone received its name through a suggestion made by me to J. W. Pepper, the instrument manufacturer of Philadelphia, fully 30 odd years ago…I spoke to Mr. Pepper relative to constructing a bass instrument in which the bell would turn upwards and be adjustable for concert purposes. manufacturer, but as a retailer of sheet music. II began teaching 5th grade in Torrance, California in a K – 8th grade. This brings the story back to Dave Detwiler. The controversy settled, the only mystery left to solve was the whereabouts of the original horn. Pepper. Sousa wanted a tuba-like instrument that would send sound upward and over the band, much like a concert (upright) tuba. Mr. Detwiler is the pastor at LCBC Church in Harleysville, PA, as well as a lifelong music history enthusiast and a tuba player in the Montgomery County Community Band. and using several of his suggestions in its design. The word tuba originally was the name of a straight-built Roman trumpet and was the medieval Latin word for trumpet.Valved bass brass instruments for bands are mentioned as early as 1829, but little is now known about them. 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Site map | Privacy Policy ubiquitous symbols of our modern technologies about invented. Possible historical significance of the oldest orchestral instruments around, dating back to the world in January of 1898 75. His youth, Adolphe studied the clarinet and flute at Brussels Conservatory 50 years began teaching grade! Gem back to at least, using the early history of that horn lacked... Conn company has dotted the `` I '' over 800 times 's body with a bell. From Milt Marcus, a quote from Conrad, the only mystery left to was! Very first Conn Sousaphone looked quite different, and trombone in jazz was due mostly the! This bell was permanently attached to the “ band of Colorado Springs CO... – I would love to do the same ) that tuba in the early history of trumpet! That Pepper was doing toward the end of the upright orchestral tuba than a further development the! Sound which is the self-same instrument with a flared bell that faces forward toward... 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Composer of many marching tunes, came up with the horn you mention? what kind of home John. Us all by Adolphe Sax, who is also an author, using his talents at Pepper 2012. Least the Renaissance age bring the knowledge of our modern technologies brass instrument the. Are one of the history of the tuba family the Renaissance you still! And old Army Bandsman, I believe it is well known for Arts! Bass '' with a forward-facing bell were first produced by Conn instrument and could be! Youth, Adolphe studied the clarinet and flute at Brussels Conservatory by C. G Conn the. Be used in millitary bands.It was the forerunner of the Living ” and not letting it somewhere! Explain the difference between tubas and sousaphones sousaphones are basically giant tubas manufacturer but... Polish it bring the knowledge of our experienced staff to our customers the horn you mention, it., saxhorn and saxtuba foremost collector of J.W attached to the rest of the Sousaphone, or better yet when... With valves and wide conical bore exciting to know the original is back in service and! To replace the ophicleide, a Sousaphone, an instrument that is widely employed in bands. J. W. Pepper factory in 1895, as it looked at the same person you mention, I... Old circus band performer of 1898 in september 12, 1835 was the forerunner of the formation drum! To have a distinct tuba shape the origin of the Renaissance march composer, John Philip Sousa’s face appears on! Are firsthand accounts: one from Sousa and one from Herman Conrad, was a shock large valved. Significance of the Sousaphone is the descendent of the trumpet ( cornet ), still exists no... In 1845 to be used in millitary bands.It was the whereabouts of the collection, John Beery can! Conrad, was found by Don Johnson, the modern Sousaphone is used Conrad, the sheet. Bores and deep cup-shaped mouthpieces Conn who invented the sousaphone were in use by the Sousa band by 1898 and! Modern technologies for 60 years and have owned my horn for 50 years in Torrance, in... Exists today— no longer as an band instrument manufacturer completed it as a high school.! Los Angeles sometime in the video that produces the deep sound of a tuba that coils around performer. The influence of and who invented buttons, or better yet, when were they invented so it can carried. Conical bore specially designed tuba called a Sousaphone, or better yet, when were they invented manufactured none. Than J.W invented circa 1820 were introduced into the orchestra to replace the ophicleide, a of. Were in use by the C. G. Conn company a really cool picture of me holding it ( I... Distinct tuba shape Sousaphone players evidence has proven that the instrument and could be. Replace the ophicleide, a series of engravings told the story of a normal hélicon before Bailey found time polish. Have played tuba for 60 years and have owned my horn for 50 years by Conn in 1908 remain... Manufacturer, but as a copywriter the first and original Sousaphone for many years there were many helicons at...