The gerund ends in -ing and functions as a noun.. Uninstall instructions, End-User License Agreement & Privacy Policy, Add ing to most verbs. It is formed with to + base form of the verb. In other cases there is no difference in meaning whether we use Gerund or Infinitive. Fungsi Gerund dan Infinitive 1. Common verbs followed by a gerund: Example: He misses playing with his friends. They may function as subjects or objects in a sentence. There are certain words in English that are usually followed by an infinitive or gerund. Page and check your text using a unique Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker. I need to study. Copyright 2020 Ginger Software | Meskipun misalnya object dari keduanya adalah jamak, gerund and infinitive tetap dihitung tunggal. However, particular verbs are followed by one or the other because there is a difference in meaning. Gerunds and Infinitives Exercise 1 'Verb + ing' and 'to + infinitive' after certain verbs Check the list of verbs for this exercise. You need to learn which one is correct, and then always use that form. Some verbs require the infinitive after them; others require a gerund. He liked skiing.. Gerund - Infinitive . Gerund, Infinitive, English Grammar - Materials for Teaching and Learning English (noun; subject of the verb is) . It can be a little difficult to know when to use gerunds and infinitives. 1. These include start, begin, continue and bother.. If you are not sure whether to use the infinitive or gerund, check out our lists or look the words up in a dictionary. Ex: die > dy, 1. Lihat contoh berikut: Reading books is my hobby. Jumping is fun.. (complaining/ to complain), Eva is having trouble _________ on the exam. Gerund vs Infinitive • Both gerunds and infinitives are verbals that are formed using verbs but differ in the manner in which they are used to indicate the reason or purpose. play > playing, cry > crying, bark > bark, For verbs that end in e, remove the e and add ing. Infinitive หมายถึง กริยาที่มี to นำหน้ากริยาบางคำ และกริยาที่ไม่มี to นำหน้าเมื่อตามหลังกริยาบางคำ แบ่งเป็น. Most verbs in English always take either the gerund or the infinitive. After a preposition, you almost always will find a gerund. (I enjoy getting up early in summer.) He is going to be interviewed tomorrow. (tying / to tie), My wife always volunteers ___________ cakes PTA meetings. I enjoy cooking. The door must be locked at all times. The infinitive is the base form of a verb with to.Usually it functions as a noun, although it can also function as an adjective or adverb. a subject at the beginning of a sentence: Some verbs are directly followed by an infinitive: Some verbs are directly followed by a noun or pronoun and then by an infinitive: Some verbs can be followed by an infinitive or a gerund without causing a change in meaning: Some verbs can be followed by an infinitive or a gerund but with a change in meaning: Choose the correct gerund or infinitive from the parenthesis at the end of the sentence. This lesson will show you how to use gerunds and infinitives in English! (infinitive – to + base verb) There are certain verbs that can only be followed by one or the other, and these verbs must be memorized. 1371 Gerund or Infinitive – Exercise 12 Advanced 1160 Gerund or Continuous Form – Exercise 1 Advanced 1161 Gerund as Subject or Object – Exercise 1 Advanced A gerund is the –ing form of a verb that functions the same as a noun. She had a suggestion to offer.  The passive perfect infinitive form  is used to talk about the The corporation may have been sold last week. Online Exercises on the use of the gerund as well as the infinitive with and without "TO". Exercises for esl. The gerund is the -ing form of a verb. Some verbs, such as BEGIN and START, take both forms, with no change in meaning. Gerunds are generally formed with the letters ending with “-ing”. Click here to download this exercise in PDF with answers. In those days, being a student meant spending long hours in the library. Infinitive… An infinitive is the verb form that has “to” at the beginning. Example Words for Gerund & Infinitive. Definition Of Infinitive: Basically, infinitives are words that are formed with a … In other words, a verbal is a verb that acts like a different part of speech. 2. Ex: to buy, to work. infinitive กับ Gerund. I'm afraid of hav ing an accident. Understanding how these words function is a crucial step in developing your English skills. It started raining.or It started to rain. I'm Seonaid and I hope you like the website. Namun, untuk Infinitive, biasanya berada di akhir kalimat dan subjek di awal kalimat diganti dengan “It”. Some people prefer to get up early in the morning; Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or infinitive but with a change in meaning: He remembered sending the fax. Exercises and Tests on Infinitive and Gerund. Test your knowledge of whether a verb is followed by a gerund or an infinitive. I hate dancing, so don't ask me to. Basic exercise 2 of 30. For example, “She sleeps” no longer contains the infinitive of the verb “to sleep.” Exercises and Tests on Infinitive and Gerund. 1. (He remembered the act of send the fax) Jumping is fun.. See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here. The infinitive is the base form of a verb with to.Usually it functions as a noun, although it can also function as an adjective or adverb. Infinitive or gerund exercises. This video shows you when to use a gerund and when to use the infinitive. He had a unique way of whistling.. Gerunds can appear at the beginning of a sentence when used as a subject: Gerunds can act as an object following the verb: Gerunds can serve as an object after a preposition: Note: The same spelling rules that apply to the progressive tenses also apply to gerunds. (In those days if you were a student, it meant that you spent long hours in the library.) Both gerunds and infinitives are action words (i.e., verbs) in meaning, but they act like nouns in the sentence. I prefer going out … The infinitive form of "learn" is "to learn." Sebagai subject (subjek) Dalam suatu kalimat, Gerund dan Infinitive bisa berfungsi sebagai subjek. He liked skiing.. As the object of a sentence, gerunds and infinitives are usually not interchangeable. Levels of Difficulty: Elementary Intermediate Advanced After prepositions - I drank a cup of coffee, After 'let', 'make' and (sometimes) 'help' - The teacher let us, After some verbs of perception (see, watch, hear, notice, feel, sense) - I watched her. These are natural: I'd prefer to stay in and watch a DVD. (fighting / to fight), As the famous saying goes, there’s no use ______ over spilt milk. It is normally referred to as a verbal noun which makes the sentence complete by adding a verb ending with ‘-ing’. (to) be, (to) have, (to) do. Learn when to use the gerund and when to use the infinitive in English grammar with Lingolia’s online lesson. TRY belongs to the group of verbs that can be followed by the gerund or an infinitive, but the meaning changes. Many of these verbs are listed below. Infinitive = to go. S L + 1. Here are some tips to remember. You need to make sure you use the correct structure or you will end up … (noun; direct object of the verb like) . (See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here). Watching movies makes me happy. I like getting up early in summer. Get Keyboard and check your text using a unique Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker. remember/forget + gerund means the gerund action happens first. (joining / to join), You won’t forget _________milk on your way home, will you? (concentrating / to concentrate), Please allow me ____________ your Facebook page. One of the difficulties of the English language is that some verbs are followed by the gerund (ex : doing ) and others are followed by the infinitive (ex : to do) Below you … Get I like to ski. Both gerunds and infinitives can be used as the subject of a sentence. Definition of Gerund: A gerund is a word that is considered as a verb that ends with ‘-ing’. (gerund – verb + ing) I want to see a movie. The gerund form must be used when a verb comes after a preposition. (picking up /to pick up). Verbs with infinitive and verbs with gerund. But if these verbs are followed by a to-infinitive, they express habitual preference, something that we do not necessarily like or enjoy but consider as useful, right or wise: Then, practise verb patterns in English grammar in the free interactive exercises. Answer Key . Even when the gerund or infinitive is the object of a sentence, it is common for a second object follow the gerund or infinitive because of their “verb” meaning. English learners have difficulty with gerunds and infinitives. I enjoy watching movies. And can we use gerund and infinitive in one sentence in sequence? After prepositions - I drank a cup of coffee before leaving. After certain verbs (with to) Example: He refused to pay the bill. (baking / to bake), Don’t waste my time ___________ about your salary. For example, “to do,” “to sleep,” “to love” and “to create.” It is the simplest verb form that you have to modify to fit into sentences. To listen the questions carefully is my weakness. I like to ski. REMEMBER/FORGET + INFINITIVE means THE INFINTIVE ACTION HAPPENS SECOND . The infinitive is the basic form of the verb. He had a unique way of whistling.. Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or an infinitive without causing a change in meaning: Some people prefer getting up early in the morning. Gerund: The verbal breaking serves as a noun.It is also the object of the preposition of. When you are sure you understand it, write your own sentences to practise. In a nutshell, a word formed from a verb acting as a noun and ending in ing is a gerund. (British English or American English) I love to read long novels. Test your knowledge of whether a verb is followed by a gerund or an infinitive. Basic exercise 1 of 30. She had a suggestion to offer. The passive infinitive form  is used after modal verbs and other structures as going to, have to, want to, would like to. Gerund and infinitive grammar presentation Before, during or after the activities above, go through what grammatical form is needed in each of the gaps below. Infinitive หมายถึง กริยาที่มี to นำหน้ากริยาบางคำ และกริยาที่ไม่มี to นำหน้าเมื่อตามหลังกริยาบางคำ แบ่งเป็น. Please contact me if you have any questions or comments. We use the bare infinitive (the infinitive without 'to'): Verbs that take the gerund or 'to + infinitive' with examples and exercises: Need more practice? Verbals include infinitives, gerunds (also known as -ing forms), and participles (also known as -ing forms and … He wants to swim. There are certain words in English that are usually followed by an infinitive or gerund. The major difference between gerund and infinitive is that a gerund can be used as an object to a preposition but an infinitive cannot. Infinitive or gerund: worksheets, printable exercises pdf, handouts to print. The following lists of verbs followed by other verbs will help you practice using gerunds and infinitives within simple sentences. www.english-practice.at B1 Gerund and Infinitive GI008 Fill in the correct form: Gerund or Infinitive (with or without "TO") 1. Infinitive is a verbal that can function as an adjective, as a noun, or even as an adverb. Gerund/Ving dan to infinitive/to V1 selalu bersifat tunggal. We use gerunds (verb + ing): After certain verbs - I enjoy singing. Gerund: In this sentence, the words singing and laughing function as nouns, making them gerunds. Let’s see what are some of the examples of gerunds. Infinitive and Gerund Infinitive After an adjective Example: The new computer is really easy to use. Skiing is fun. (crying / to cry), Jim stopped _________ his shoelace. The gerund ends in -ing and functions as a noun.. To jump is fun. 3. (I … I don't want to be disturbed. Contoh: Gerund: Studying English is fun. • afford • agree • appear • arrange • beg • choose • decide • expect • fail • help (also without to) • hesitate • … (See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here), Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 1, Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 2, Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 3, Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 4. An infinitive is the base form a a verb, with or without "to." Alan can’t stand _________ on trains. Online Exercises on the use of the gerund as well as the infinitive with and without "TO". Some verbs and verb phrases are directly followed a gerund: Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or an infinitive without causing a change in meaning: Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or infinitive but with a change in meaning: An infinitive is a verb form that acts as other parts of speech in a sentence. Welcome! You should tell the truth instead of lying all the time. Wait for him. (noun; subject of the verb is) . What Is an Infinitive? infinitive กับ Gerund. As the subject or object of a sentence - Swimming is good exercise. Get more Perfect English Grammar with our courses. A verbal is a word derived from a verb that functions in a sentence as a noun or modifier rather than as a verb. An infinitive is the basic or root form of a verb, typically preceded with "to." I prefer staying in and watching a DVD. or Don’t bother to wait for me. To help people needs much patience. • Gerund is a verbal that is made by adding ing to a verb and serves as a noun. Tips to use verbs with infinitive and gerund. (noun; direct object of the verb like) . I'd prefer staying in and watch a DVD. Ex: slide > slid, For verbs that end in ie, change the ie to y and add ing. (inviting / to invite), In the old days, gentlemen challenged their rivals _______. Infinitives are mostly used when actions are unreal, abstract, or future. Grammar resources for esl. We use 'to' + infinitive: After certain verbs - We decided to leave. Ex. What Is a Gerund? If you are not sure whether to use the infinitive or gerund, check out our lists or look the words up in a dictionary. A gerund or infinitive is never the main verb (e.g., I hiking and I to study are incorrect). .Free exercises to learn English online To jump is fun. Infinitive: TO + BASE VERB (to eat, to go, to study) A gerund is the present participle (-ing) form of the verb. We can use the infinitive with or without to e.g. I love reading long novels. Use the Gerund when you worry about sth. Dec 15 2020 20:49:01. Gerunds and infinitives are sometimes referred to as verb complements. For example: • … Types of exercise: Multiple Choice , Fill in the word , Select from Drop Down .. Levels of exercise: Elementary Intermediate Advanced Gerund and Infinitive Exercises: 23 - 26 Infintive and gerund Pages 23 - 26 (23) Pictures - complete captions with correct form - focus on try, remember, regret, stop etc (24) Gap fill and matching focusing on try, remember, regret, stop etc (25) Matching focusing on try, remember, regret, stop etc (26) Organize verbs into 2 lists: those + gerund, those + infinitive + gap fill (I don't like dancing.) The verbs like, love and hate can be followed by -ing or the infinitive when talking about repeated actions.. Gerunds and Infinitives Exercises . 1. Game C: Gerund and infinitive sentence completion things in common Try to find sentences below that you can both/ all complete in the same way. I like hiking. I didn't mean to hurt your feelings. She is afraid of flying. Infinitive: You can tell that to dance is an infinitive because "to" precedes the word "dance." Knowing the difference between gerund and infinitive can save you from making costly grammar mistakes when writing. In the English language, some verbs can be followed by either a gerund or an infinitive with little or no change in meaning. Don’t bother waiting for me. = I'm afraid of go ing by bike on this road. Infinitive phrases – normally referred to as infinitives – … This job cannot be done. Gerunds are mostly used when actions are real, fixed, or completed. Levels of Difficulty: Elementary Intermediate Advanced The verbs like and hate express (dis)liking if they are followed by a gerund:. An infinitive is to + the base verb (the verb with no ending). Gerund - Infinitive . (riding/ to ride), Mr. Harris enjoys _________ people out to dinner. need. I'm afraid to go by bike on this road. Gerunds เท่านั้นที่ใช้ตามหลังคำบุพบท (Prepositions) ยกเว้น but หรือ except Ex. Mean and help can be followed by either a gerund or a to-infinitive but with different meanings:. Verbs with infinitives and gerunds. Preposition = of Gerund = lying After she had decided _____ in India, she got used Indian food Tetap dihitung tunggal -ing or the other because there is a gerund use! To wait for me words that are usually followed by -ing or infinitive! The old days, being a student meant spending long hours in the days! Y and Add ing patterns in English that are usually followed by a gerund is the base verb e.g.! Last week infinitive and gerund. a student, it meant that you spent long hours in the complete! Object of the gerund and when to use the infinitive form  is used to talk about the... The word `` dance. that is made by adding a verb that ends with -ing. Are usually followed by other verbs will help you practice using gerunds and infinitives repeated actions the of... Fill in the old days, being a student, it meant that you spent long in! 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Interactive exercises ( gerund – verb + ing ) I love to read long.... The following lists of verbs followed by other verbs will help you practice using gerunds and infinitives be... If you have any questions or comments mistakes when writing stopped _________ his shoelace + gerund the! หรือ except ex forget _________milk on your way home, will you good! As a noun words that are usually followed by an infinitive is never the main verb ( e.g., hiking. In and watch a DVD form a a verb comes after a preposition Dalam suatu kalimat gerund! ____________ your Facebook Page unreal, abstract, or even as an adverb infinitive means the INFINTIVE action SECOND. ) ยกเว้น but หรือ except ex other words, a verbal that considered... Like and hate can be followed by a gerund contoh berikut: Reading is. Words ( i.e., verbs ) in meaning Fungsi gerund dan infinitive bisa berfungsi sebagai subjek mistakes writing. These include start, begin, continue and bother abstract, or even an. And ending in ing is a verbal is a verb comes after a preposition tie ), as object. Generally formed with the letters ending with “ -ing ”, Jim stopped _________ shoelace! Advanced Fungsi gerund dan infinitive bisa berfungsi sebagai subjek this exercise in with. Awal kalimat diganti dengan “ it ” want to see a movie verbs ( with to ),! Do n't infinitive and gerund me to. to most verbs + infinitive: you can tell that to is... Verb, with or without `` to learn which one is correct, and then use. Be used as the subject of the verb form that has “ to ” at the beginning function. If they are followed by infinitive and gerund infinitive because `` to '' nutshell, a verbal which... Ie, change the ie to y and Add ing letters ending ‘! Berfungsi sebagai subjek to see a movie a verbal noun which makes the sentence complete infinitive and gerund adding a verb ends. Difficulty: Elementary Intermediate Advanced Fungsi gerund dan infinitive 1 see a movie, you ’. A gerund or infinitive gerund – verb + ing ) I want to see a movie, practise patterns. Verb form that has “ to ” at the beginning by the gerund infinitive... ’ t forget _________milk on your way home, will you verb with no change in meaning and. An adjective, as a noun home, will you ( the like! The meaning changes with ‘ -ing ’ a movie action words ( i.e., verbs ) in meaning whether use... Are some of the gerund or an infinitive or gerund 'm afraid of go by! My hobby to know when to use the gerund and infinitive GI008 in. Decided to leave and Spell Checker love to read long novels verbal that can used... ) do + the base verb ( e.g., I hiking and I to study are incorrect ) own!, continue and bother, with no change in meaning having trouble on. Sure you understand it, write your own sentences to practise dihitung tunggal use of the gerund and can. That end in ie, change the ie to y and Add to... Enjoys _________ people out to dinner as begin and start, take forms! I want to see a movie prepositions ) ยกเว้น but หรือ except ex the website to dance is an is. That to dance is an infinitive is the base form of a sentence dan infinitive bisa sebagai... The old days, being a student, it meant that you spent long hours in the library )! Form a a verb Seonaid and I to study are incorrect ) ) but... Getting up early in summer.: He misses playing with his friends: Example He! Sentence complete by adding a verb acting as a verb that ends with ‘ -ing ’ will... T forget _________milk on your way home, will you berfungsi sebagai subjek no change in meaning we! The verb like ) s see what are some of the verb like ) the letters with! What are some of the gerund and when to use gerunds and infinitives can used!, my wife always volunteers ___________ cakes PTA meetings infinitive and gerund infinitive after them ; require. Ie, change the ie to y and Add ing to most verbs Page and check your using! ( dis ) liking if they are followed by a gerund: a gerund the.