The leaves grow in basal rosettes and in some types are marked with silver-white splotches. The name Pulmonaria arose from the foliage, which is often green with white spots, resembling a diseased lung ... hence the common name lungwort ... and the Latin translation, Pulmonaria, which became the name for the genus. Pulmonaria cultivars rival hellebores to be the first flowering perennials in the late winte… The cortex layers are derived from different types of tissue. There are maybe as many as 12 species of Pulmonaria that are in the Borage family (Boraginaceae) The Lungworts are a nice group of Plants for the semi shady garden. The leaves grow in basal rosettes and in some types are marked with silver-white splotches. This seedling ofPulmonaria longifolia 'Bertram Anderson' (and probably Pulmonaria saccharata) occurred in the garden of the late Seattle plantsman Roy Davidson. [3], Pulmonaria is an early spring flowering deciduous perennial, retaining its leaves till late winter, just before the new growth emerges.[2]. I first saw this at the old Washfield Nursery in the UK in the mid-90s. affinis. Family Boraginaceae . Moon') has velvety leaves of pure silver ... not a speck of green on the leaves. And but for a happy mistake, I might have ignored them, too. Within the corolla throat, five tufts of hairs alternate with the stamens to form a ring. The long, narrow, solid silver leaves are topped in late winter with clusters of pink and blue flowers. (Hardiness Zone 5-7a). The flowers are borne in corymbs on short stalks that reach just above the foliage. I have one bold plant of unknown origin that has sold me […] Pulmonaria x Apple Frost; Pulmonaria x Berries 'N Cream; Pulmonaria Long. Russian medunitza, Polish miodunka, Serbian meduniče, Bulgarian "медуница". Actually, any season that you have time to divide the plant will work. Pulmonaria will also seed in the garden in well prepared, organic soil, so watch closely and you may discover something unique. The inflorescence is a terminal scorpioid cyme as a cymose corymb, with bracts, on short pedicels (stalks), reaching just above the foliage. Variety or Cultivar 'Blue Ensign' _ 'Blue Ensign' is a clump-forming, deciduous perennial with ovate, dark green leaves and, in early spring, clusters of bright blue flowers fading to purple with age. Cryptogenic organizing pneumonia (COP) COP is a disease of the bronchioles and the alveoli in the lungs. Pulmonaria Pulmonaria. The genus Pulmonaria is largely comprised of herbaceous perennials known as lungworts that are popular garden plants for shady locations. [5] In the times of sympathetic magic, the spotted oval leaves of P. officinalis were thought to symbolize diseased, ulcerated lungs, and so were used to treat pulmonary infections. Soft, new grass under my toes, and the smell of swelling buds of any colour or sort. The test involves a machine called a spirometer that is able to detect the flow rate and volume of air that moves through a tube into the machine. Lungwort 'Blue Ensign' Genus. (Hardiness Zone 4-8), Pulmonaria 'Raspberry Splash' PP 12,138 (Raspberry Splash Lungwort), This Terra Nova hybrid resulted from a cross of Pulmonaria longifolia 'Bertram Anderson' and Pulmonaria 'Leopard'. Others include P. affinis. (Hardiness Zone 4-8), Pulmonaria 'Silver Bouquet' PP 20,059 (Silver Bouquet Lungwort), This 2008 Terra Nova introduction is an open pollinated seedling from Pulmonaria longifolia var. Sally Benson June 16, 2016 Pulmonaria Photos: Sally Benson The unfortunately named Pulmonaria— lungwort—is a beautiful, versatile, hardy plant whose bid for attention has seemed to go unnoticed in recent years. Pulmonaria is a genus of about 15 species of perennials in the family Boraginaceae, native to Europe and Asia. Pulmonaria are short-lived plants by nature and the only way to maintain them on a long-term basis is to divide the clumps every 3-5 years. Moon', Pulmonaria 'Pink Dawn', and Pulmonaria 'Reginald Kaye'. One of my favorites is Pulmonaria 'Samourai'. Pulmonaria was believed to resemble a diseased lung, and therefore people thought the plant could cure respiratory issues. I like to do this in fall and winter, when the entire clump can be lifted, teased apart, and replanted. With a few exceptions, the US market is dominated by the Terra Nova introductions. Synonyms Pulmonaria officinalis subsp. The leaf margin is always entire, but in some species and forms can be rather wavy. Plumeria is a genus of eleven species of shrubs and small trees in the dogbane family (Apocynaceae) native to tropical America from Brazil to Mexico and the Caribbean. Moon' is so prolific from seed that many disreputable nurseries grow it this way resulting in a grab bag of poorly performing plants. Pulmonaria species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species. These unique flowers are perfect for gardens, but some of them also look great in bouquets. (Hardiness Zone 4-8), Pulmonaria 'Mrs. There are several cultivars of the fake Pulmonaria angustifolia, the most commonly grown being Pulmonaria 'Blaues Meer'. Grown since the 1930s, Pulmonaria 'Mrs. Also, keep in mind that many of the new cultivars were introduced after these trials, especially the RHS trial. Pulmonaria are native to Europe including the UK which means they will thrive in British gardens. The corolla is funnel-shaped and consists of a long, cylindrical tube and a limb with five shallow lobes. Pulmonaria angustifolia 'Blauesmeer' = Dark blue flowers over 12" long leaves that are splashed with small silver spots. Basal leaves are carried on stalks that can be short or longer than the leaf blade in various species. Unlike most other Pulmonaria species, the flowers are salmon red. Pulmonaria mollis is represented in commerce by the cultivars, Pulmonaria 'Royal Blue' and Pulmonaria 'Samobor'. For the lichen, see, Genus of flowering plants in the borage family Boraginaceae, "The borage family (Boraginaceae s.str. Pulmonaria officinalis, common names lungwort, common lungwort, Mary's tears or Our Lady's milk drops, is a herbaceous rhizomatous evergreen perennial plant of the genus Pulmonaria, belonging to the family Boraginaceae Etymology. They like moist soil but do very well in average garden soil too. April 3, 2019 / If you’re interested in making a statement, you’ll love our list of tropical flowers. E.B. A pulmonária é uma planta medicinal que surge na primavera e necessita de sombra para se desenvolver e produz flores de diversas cores, desde vermelho a azul. It's a woodland plant and prefers either a shady location or at least a moist one. Pulmonaria 'Silver Shimmers'. Hence, the continued use of Pulmonaria to treat many respiratory ailments. Pulmonarias, or lungworts, are perennials that bloom very early in spring and have interesting foliage from spring through fall. These air pockets mask the appearance of chlorophyll in the leaves, creating the foliar patterns that we enjoy as gardeners. Over the years, the number and quality of Pulmonaria hybrids has dramatically increased and improved. ). However, even NSIP has a five-year survival rate of only 86 to 92 percent. 20 Types of Tropical Flowers. The nutlets are smooth, egg-shaped, brownish, up to 4.5 mm (0.2 in) long and 3 mm (0.1 in) wide, each containing a single seed. Pulmonaria saccharata is also known as Bethlehem sage and has white spotted green foliage. The flowers are a very light blue, compared to the dark blue of Pulmonaria 'Bertram Anderson'. Lobaria pulmonaria ; note on the right side an inverted part of the thallus ( 1 8 ×); Fig. The plants reach 15–25 cm (6–10 in) in height, spreading up to 60 cm (2.0 ft) wide. (Hardiness Zone 4-7). In comparison trials, this always ranks as one of the top lungwort selections. (Hardiness Zone 5-8), Pulmonaria mollis is the largest growing of the Pulmonaria species, forming a 2' tall x 2' wide deciduous clump of green leaves, speckled either silver or light green. The long, narrow, mildew-resistant foliage is heavily spotted with silver and topped with flower clusters consisting of pink buds, changing to blue. (Hardiness Zone 4-7), Pulmonaria 'Bubble Gum' PP 14,086 (Bubble Gum Lungwort) This Terra Nova introduction arose as an open pollinated seedling that had good mildew-resistant silver foliage, topped with rose pink flowers that don't fade to violet. [2]They are especially valued as groundcover in damp shaded areas, producing their blue and/or pink flowers in late winter and early spring, accompanied by dense clusters of heart-shaped leaves that are often strikingly mottled and marbled, throughout summer. (through the end of 2009). Named for the organ that most resembles the foliage, pulmonaria is also known as lungwort. Of the known species of Pulmonaria, only about 8 are known in cultivation. Up to four nutlets per flower are produced, ripening mostly in summer. Pulmonaria 'Silver Bouquet' is similar to Pulmonaria ‘Samourai’ with very long, solid silver, mildew-resistant leaves. , any season that you have time to divide the plant usually comes back with fresh undamaged foliage the... 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Prefer moist, well-drained soil that is rich in organic matter of tissue as food plants by the Nova... That reach just above the foliage of flowering plants in the borage family ( Boraginaceae.... Logical conclusion is that cultivars with more silver in the leaves species with the classic leaf.! So prolific from seed that many disreputable Nurseries grow it this way resulting in a grab bag poorly... Is usually very positive this introduction is the winner of the known species of Pulmonaria saccharata is also as. Note that performance varies dramatically by location family Boraginaceae, `` the borage family,... Past people believed that when a plant resembled a body part, it has good sun tolerance of. Diseased lung, and unique perennials origin seedlings dog, and blue in early blooming! Of Oregon 's Terra Nova Nurseries who really began a directed breeding program with Pulmonarias many ailments... Alas no Pulmonaria leaves are deer-resistant and range from solid green to nearly pure silver the flowering... Longifolia Exclaibur ; Pulmonaria long then, this is not the ideal condition for best performance with stalks of blue.